German Shepherd Dog Breed

German Shepherd dogs are some of the most beloved pets in the United States. They are smart, loyal, and strong, which makes them a popular breed for working as police dogs or search and rescue companions. But these wonderful dogs are also great family pets, and it’s important to know how to take care of them properly. Here’s what you need to know about German Shepherds, from their history to how to choose the best food for them.


German Shepherds were first bred in Germany in the late 1800s, specifically for police and military work. They were originally called the “Deutscher Schäferhund,” which means “German Shepherd Dog.” The breed was created by a man named Max von Stephanitz, who wanted to create a dog that was versatile, strong, and intelligent. He succeeded in creating a breed that is now one of the most recognizable in the world.

German Shepherds were first introduced to the United States in the early 1900s, and quickly became popular as police and military dogs. They have also become a popular breed for families, because of their loyalty and intelligence. As a result, German Shepherds are now the second most popular breed in the United States, behind only Labrador Retrievers.

One thing to keep in mind about German Shepherds is that they are prone to some health issues, specifically hip dysplasia and elbow dysplasia. It’s important to buy from a reputable breeder who tests their dogs for these conditions, or adopt from a rescue that tests their dogs.

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Location of Origins

As previously mentioned, German Shepherds were first bred in Germany. They were created by crossing various herding breeds, and were specifically bred to be working dogs. Their herding background is still evident today, as German Shepherds are known to be protective of their families and homes.


German Shepherds are medium to large dogs, with males typically weighing between 65 and 90 pounds, and females weighing between 50 and 70 pounds. They are known for their strength and agility, and are often used in police work or search and rescue missions.

One of the reasons German Shepherds are so popular is because of their intelligence. They are quick learners, and respond well to positive reinforcement training. They are also known for their loyalty to their families, and will protect their loved ones at all costs.

German Shepherds do require some daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. They are a high-energy breed, so taking them on walks or playing fetch in the backyard is important to keep them stimulated. They also need mental stimulation, so playing games like hide-and-seek or teaching them new tricks can help keep them mentally sharp.

German Shepherds have a thick coat that requires regular grooming. They shed quite a bit, so daily brushing is recommended to keep their coat healthy and shiny. They are also prone to ear infections, so it’s important to keep their ears clean and dry.

Choosing the Best Foods

When it comes to choosing the best food for your German Shepherd, it’s important to consider their age, weight, and activity level. Puppies and young dogs require more calories and nutrients than adult dogs, so choosing a food that is specifically formulated for their age is important.

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It’s also important to choose a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for your dog’s size and activity level. German Shepherds are a large breed, and they require a diet that is high in protein and fat to support their active lifestyle. Look for a food that lists a quality protein source, like chicken or lamb, as the first ingredient.

If you’re not sure what food is best for your German Shepherd, talk to your veterinarian. They can recommend a food that is appropriate for your dog’s specific needs and can ensure that they are getting all of the nutrients they need to stay healthy.


German Shepherds respond well to positive reinforcement training, which involves rewarding your dog for good behavior rather than punishing them for bad behavior. This can include treats, praise, or playtime with a favorite toy.

Training is important for all dogs, but it’s especially important for German Shepherds because of their intelligence and strength. They need to learn basic obedience commands, like sit, stay, and come, as well as more advanced commands like heel or off-leash recall.

Training can help prevent problem behaviors, like jumping or excessive barking, and can help establish a strong bond between you and your dog. If you’re not sure how to train your German Shepherd, consider working with a professional trainer who can help you develop a training plan that is tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

Taking Care

Taking care of a German Shepherd involves more than just feeding them and giving them exercise. You also need to make sure they are getting regular veterinary care, including vaccinations and preventative care like heartworm medication.

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You also need to make sure your German Shepherd is getting enough rest, both physically and mentally. They need a comfortable place to sleep, away from any noise or distractions, and they need mental stimulation to keep them alert and engaged.

Finally, it’s important to establish a strong bond with your German Shepherd. This means spending quality time with them, playing games, and training with them. When your dog feels loved and appreciated, they will be happier and more well-behaved.


Q: Are German Shepherds good with kids?

A: Yes, German Shepherds are great with kids when they are properly socialized from a young age. They are loyal, protective, and can be wonderful playmates for children.

Q: Do German Shepherds shed a lot?

A: Yes, German Shepherds are a high-shedding breed. They require regular brushing to keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Q: Are German Shepherds aggressive?

A: German Shepherds can be aggressive if they are not properly trained and socialized. It’s important to teach your German Shepherd basic obedience commands and to socialize them with other people and dogs when they are young.


German Shepherds are truly amazing dogs. They are smart, loyal, and strong, and make wonderful companions for both families and individuals. If you’re considering getting a German Shepherd, make sure to do your research and find a reputable breeder or rescue. And once you bring your new companion home, make sure to provide them with plenty of love, attention, and care.

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