Bernese Mountain Dog Breed

If you are looking for a loyal friend who will always be there for you, then a Bernese Mountain Dog may be the perfect choice for you! These dogs are known for their calm and gentle disposition, as well as their striking good looks. In this article, we will go through everything you need to know about these magnificent creatures, including their history, characteristics, and how to take care of them properly. Read on to find out more!


The Bernese Mountain Dog, also known as the Berner Sennenhund, is a large breed of dog that originates from Switzerland. The breed was named after the Canton of Bern, which was where the dogs were originally bred. It is believed that the breed was developed from a combination of local farm dogs that were used for herding, guarding and pulling carts. They were also used for general farm work, such as carrying milk around on the Swiss Alps.

By the early 20th century, Bernese Mountain Dogs had become increasingly popular in Europe, and they were eventually imported to the United States in the 1920s. Since then, the breed has continued to grow in popularity and has become a beloved addition to many families. Today, they are commonly used as therapy dogs because of their gentle and affectionate nature.

Bernese Mountain Dogs accompanied Swiss herders and dairymen to the fields as far back as Roman times.

Bernese Mountain Dog Image

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a member of the Working Group of dogs, and the breed is famous for its strong work ethic and reliable nature. Despite their size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are bred to be gentle and friendly, making them excellent companions for families with children. They are also quite sociable and enjoy spending time with people, and they love nothing more than being part of family activities.

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The breed is also known for its striking good looks. Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, sturdy dogs with distinctive tricolor markings of black, white, and rust. They have thick, lustrous coats that require regular grooming to maintain their appearance.

Location of Origin

The Bernese Mountain Dog hails from the Swiss Alps, where it was originally bred as a herding dog. The breed was developed in the Canton of Bern, which is located in the central part of Switzerland. The dogs were highly valued by Swiss farmers for their ability to work on steep hillsides and in mountainous terrain.

Bernese Mountain Dog Image

Today, the breed is found all over the world and has become an increasingly popular choice for families in the United States and Europe. Regardless of where they live, Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their loyalty and dependable nature, making them beloved companions worldwide.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are gentle giants with great strength and stamina. They typically weigh between 70 to 120 pounds and stand between 23 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder. Despite their large size, they are incredibly gentle and friendly dogs that love spending time with people. They are highly trainable, making them excellent candidates for obedience training.

One of the distinctive features of the Bernese Mountain Dog is its striking tricolor coat. The breed has a long, thick coat that can be black, white, and rust-colored. The fur around their neck forms a ruff that is similar in appearance to a lion’s mane. While beautiful, their coats can require a fair amount of maintenance, including frequent grooming and brushing to keep them looking their best.

Bernese Mountain Dogs have a calm and friendly temperament and are known for their gentle nature. They are incredibly loyal to their families, making them great protectors and watchdogs. They are social animals and love nothing more than spending time with their owners and playing with children. They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in a range of environments, from large suburban homes to smaller apartments.

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Choosing the Best Foods

When it comes to feeding your Bernese Mountain Dog, it is essential to select high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their size and age. Choose food that contains high-quality animal protein as the first ingredient and check the ingredient list for potential allergens or artificial additives.

If you have a Bernese Mountain Dog puppy, make sure to feed them puppy food formulated for large breed puppies. As they grow and mature, you may need to switch to adult food that is designed for larger breeds. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian about the best diet for your pet.

In addition to a high-quality diet, it is essential to provide your Bernese Mountain Dog with clean, fresh water at all times. Ensure that you change the water frequently to prevent bacteria and other contaminants from accumulating in the bowl.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are highly intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train. They are incredibly trainable, making them excellent candidates for obedience training. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, and require firm but gentle guidance.

Training your Bernese Mountain Dog is essential for their overall well-being and happiness. It is also essential to socialize your dog from a young age to prevent any potential behavioral problems from developing. Socializing your dog means exposing them to new sights, sounds, and people to help them build confidence and develop a friendly personality.

It is also essential to maintain consistency and patience when training your Bernese Mountain Dog. As a working breed, they need plenty of exercise and a consistent routine to keep them happy and healthy.

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Taking Care of Your Bernese Mountain Dog

Maintaining the health and well-being of your Bernese Mountain Dog is essential for their long-term health and happiness. Regular vet checkups, grooming, and exercise are all crucial elements of caring for your pet.

Grooming is especially important for Bernese Mountain Dogs as they have long, thick coats that require frequent attention. Regular brushing and grooming will help to prevent matting and keep your dog’s coat looking its best. Bathing your dog periodically is also essential for good hygiene, but be careful not to overdo it as excessive bathing can strip their coats of natural oils.

Regular exercise is also critical for the health and well-being of your Bernese Mountain Dog. As a large breed, they require plenty of exercise to maintain their overall health and reduce the risk of obesity. Daily walks, running, and other activities that get your dog moving are essential for keeping them healthy and happy.


How Long Do Bernese Mountain Dogs Live?

On average, Bernese Mountain Dogs live to be about 6-8 years old, although some can live longer. Factors such as diet, exercise, and overall health can all contribute to a dog’s lifespan.

Do Bernese Mountain Dogs Shed?

Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs do shed, especially during the change of seasons in the spring and fall. Their long, thick coats require regular grooming to keep them looking their best and to prevent matting.

Are Bernese Mountain Dogs Good with Children?

Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs are great with children! They are gentle, friendly dogs that love spending time with people.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are beautiful, gentle giants with great strength and stamina. They make wonderful companions for families with children, thanks to their calm and friendly nature. However, they do require plenty of exercise and grooming to keep them healthy and happy. We hope this guide has been helpful in giving you a better understanding of the history, location of origins, characteristics, choosing the best foods, training, and taking care of these wonderful dogs. With the proper care and attention, your Bernese Mountain Dog will be a loyal and beloved member of your family for years to come!

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